17
Tue, May

How cricket works

Bonus News
Typography
  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game, very popular in Australia and the United Kingdom. If you are new to this game, all the rules might seem overwhelming. In this article we aim to make things clear by outlining what are the rules in cricket, how the pitch looks like and how the scoring works.

How cricket is played

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played by two teams, each consisting of 11 players. It comprises of specific periods, called innings, which are determined before the start of the game. There are usually one or two innings in a cricket game. During the innings, each team takes turns alternating between batting and fielding.

The fielding team has a bowler, a player who attempts to hit the wicket with the ball, and the rest of the ten players are called fielders. One of the fielders, called a wicket keeper, stays behind the wicket, catching the ball if the bowler misses. The batting team has two players on the pitch at all times, which are called the batsmen. One of the batsmen is facing the bowler and is called a striker. His or her role is to prevent the bowled ball from hitting the wicket, by hitting it with the bat before it does so. The other batsman stands near the bowler and is called the non-striker.

If the batsman managed to hit the ball, both batsmen have to run from their respective wickets to the other as many times as possible. In the meantime, the rest of the fielders are then supposed to chase the ball.

The pitch

Before understanding how the scoring works, it is useful to visualize the cricket pitch.

Cricket is played on an oval cricket field, whose perimeter is marked by a boundary, which could be a fence, ropes or even painted lines. In the centre of this field, a rectangular pitch is drawn. At both ends of the pitch the wicket is set, which consists of a wooden target made out of three stumps, supporting two bails that sit on the stumps. The wickets are place 20m apart.

Several lines are laid down, which determine the area where the bowler and the batter can play. A line called bowling crease goes underneath the wicket and one known as the popping or batting crease, is located around 1.2 meters in front of the wicket.

Line marking of a cricket pitch is typically done manually, by pushing a machine with a sprayer, but many schools in the UK choose to do this job with a robot. With a robot the job is faster and without any effort, so those in charge of marking the lines could improve the quality of the pitch in other ways, while the robot marks the entire pitch all by itself.

What’s more, the robot is designed to perform markings for all types of sports, so you can have a football field painter combined with cricket, rugby, rounders and any sport you can imagine, all in the one machine.

How the scoring works

In cricket, points are scored by completing runs. The aim of the game is to score as many runs as possible before the fielding team takes 10 wickets. Naturally, the team with the most points, as in runs, wins. Once a batman hits the ball, he is supposed to run from one end of the pitch to the other as many times as possible. If they do this, their team is awarded one run.

Another way of scoring is by hitting boundaries. If a batman hits the ball beyond the edge of the playing field that is considered a boundary. If the ball bounces while exiting the field, four runs are awarded, and if it leaves the field without bouncing, six points are awarded.

Cricket is a fun and safe game to play, which makes it ideal for people of all ages, from young kids to elderly. Now that you understand some of the basic rules of cricket get your bat, go outside and give it a try.